The square slab at the top of a capital.
The "high place" in a Greek city. Often the setting for the city's most prominent buildings, temples and other public structures.
This was the Greek word for "marketplace," known by the Romans as the forum.
A semicircular section projecting from the side or front of a basilica or monumental building, often vaulted.
Pertaining to an apse (semicircular in shape).
The horizontal beam which rests on columns or piers and which spans the space between them. It is the lowest foundation level for the entablature and often decorated with sculpture.
A Hellenistic-to-Byzantine era burial niche, designed to hold a sarcophagus. It was cut into the stone wall of a cave, with the ledge below and an arch above.
Square or rectangular cut stones, uniform in size and shape and laid horizontally.
The traditional central open area to a typical Roman private house. It was usually entered through a vestebulum (vestibule).
The hot room(s) of a Roman bathhouse.
The uppermost section or member of a classical column or pilaster.
The auditorium of a theater, or the seating area of an amphitheater.
A row of skylight windows which provided light for the nave of the basilica.
A sepulchral chamber with rows of small recesses to hold ash urns.
One of the cylindrical sections of a column shaft.
The central and most important street in a typical Greco-Roman city, running north to south. This street was connected to the very heart of the city--the agora or marketplace.
Cross-shaped. A building designed in the shape of a cross.
An underground vaulted corridor.
This was a secondary street(s), which ran east to west, perpendicularly to the primary cardo.
House. Dwelling of a well-to-do family as distinct from the taberna of the artisan and tradesman, as well as the apartment houses (insulae) of the middle-class and poor.
The Latin form of the Greek word "ekklesia," which meant "assembly. It was later translated to refer specifically to the gathering of Christians.
Flat, evenly shaped paving stone.
The vertical grooves cut into the shaft of a column.
The art/procedure of painting on plaster while it is still wet.
The cold room of a Roman bathhouse.
A central heating system characterized by an airspace beneath the floor for circulation of hot air.
The screen that seperated the bema or altar area from the nave. This screen (chancel) was decorated with religious icons and symbols, often relating to the Bible (cross, fish).
This is an archaeological term, which means literally "at the site." It is used to designate the precise position of an artifact as it was first discovered by the archaeologist.
The dry hot-air room of a Roman bath complex.
The Levant (Latin="easterners") is a term designated for the entire Syro-Palestinian coastline, including modern day Israel, Lebanon, and the western coast of Syria.
A rectangular burial niche or recess (sometimes 6 ft. deep), carved into the walls of a tomb chamber for individual corpses, sometimes several. The plural form is pronounced "loculi" (in Hebrew="kochim").
Any three-dimensional feature in a square, such as a layer of earth, as wall, pit, bin, and the like.
The grave of a martyr or saint, who died for their faith. It was not uncommon for early Christians to construct their ecclesiastical edifices over top of such a burial. This was especially prominant for the location of the apse.
A picture of description made by piecing small cut stones (tessarae) of different shapes and colors.
A vestibule leading to the nave of the church. The portico of an ancient church building.
The cemetery. From the Greek word "nekros," which referred to a dead body.
A sacred name; specifically, an abbreviation for a sacred name found in ancient manuscripts.
A monumental public fountain, usually containing flowers and plants.
Odeum (Gk. odeion)
Small roofed theater, for concerts and lectures.
A Greek house or dwelling.
Paving or wall decoration made of shaped tiles of colored stone of marble.
Originally the circular dancing floor of a Greek theater, later becoming a semicircular area in front of the stage in a Roman theater.
An upright slab of stone; particularly those used in Greek construction to form the lower part of a wall.
Porticoed enclosure for sport and exercise; the exercise yard of a Roman bathhouse.
An open square.
Vertical pier or support beam, usually rectangular in shape, which protrudes from a wall. Architecturally it is treated as a column.
Wide street or avenue.
Colonnaded porch, particularly one at the front entrance to a building.
An ornament resembling a rose.
A stone coffin.
A round shaft usually three feet in diameter, cut vertically to a depth of about seven feet from the surface. The lower part of the shaft contained a series of small, underground chambers that were carved back into the rock. Burials sometimes consisted of two to eight people.
The Arabic term for artificial earthen mound; a characteristic attributed to ancient cities in the Middle East, due to centuries of building and rebuilding on previous ruins.
The warm room of a Roman bathhouse.
Large public bathing facility.
Vestibule, especially at the street entrance to a private house.
A country house or estate, usually the home of a wealthy citizen.
Entrance (or Exit) of a Roman theater or amphitheater.
The Arabic term for a watercourse, which carries water only during the rainy season.